|Chapter 1||Lamenting the Consequence of War||Verse 39|
Rudra Vaisnava Sampradaya:
When the spiritual traditions and spiritual values are destroyed in society, unrighteousness predominates and the surviving family members become degraded.
Brahma Vaisnava Sampradaya:
Madhvacarya has no commentary so we present Baladeva Vidyabhusana's.
Now the evil consequences of war are described in detail with this verse beginning kula-ksaye pranasyanti. The compound word kula-dharmah meaning the righteous family traditions prescribed in Vedic rites such as the fire ceremony agnihotra and others of this nature due to the destruction of the dynasty causes a lack of qualified family members knowledgeable enough to have them performed. When dharma or righteousness is absent then adharma unrighteousness appears apprehending the remaining dependants along with the whole family destroying the foundations of society.
Sri Vaisnava Sampradaya:
Kumara Vaisnava Sampradaya:
Some may ponder just what sin is Arjuna describing and this is now revealed in this verse. In a dynasty it is the father that is the foundation of the family. He insures that the tradition of the members is maintained as well being the support of all the members. In times of war it is the father who goes to fight and sometimes the older sons who are the fathers of the future also go to war. If they are slain in battle it is understood that the family is effectively destroyed and righteousness along with the age- old family customs and Vedic traditions eventually cease to exist. The women and children not being properly protected, having lost the shelter of the father are thus overcome by the realities of basic survival and become victims of unrighteousness.