Chapter 4Approaching the Ultimate TruthVerse 23


Sanskrit Vocal





Commentaries of the Four Authorized Vaisnava Sampradayas

as confirmed in the Garga Samhita Canto 10, Chapter 61, Verses 23, 24, 25, 26
Rudra Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Sridhara Swami's Commentary

One who is desireless, free from attraction and repulsion, who performs every action as an act of yagnaya or as offering and worship to the Supreme Lord Krishna. For one situated in karma yoga or the performance of prescribed Vedic activities all their actions become inaction and all reactions along with any impressions are dissolved. For one situated in jnana yoga or the cultivation of Vedic knowledge who has already attained atma tattva or realisation of the soul; the word yagnaya denotes worshipping the Supreme Lord to set an exemplary example in society.

Brahma Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Madhvacarya's Commentary

Now Lord Krishna summarises the conclusion of the previous five verses. The compound words gata- sangasya means being freed from desires for rewards. The word muktasya means being free from bodily vanity. The words jnanavasthita.cetasah means one who has communion with the ultimate consciousness residing in the heart.

Now begins the summation.

Being free from all dependence means to take complete refuge in the Supreme Lord and to be totally under His protection. Liberated means to be free from all sense of pride.

Sri Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Ramanuja's Commentary

By one's mind being entirely engrossed in atma tattva or soul realisation the attachment to worldly things has naturally been withdrawn. So automatically conceptions of ownership proprietorship are abandoned and realising the reality of the Supreme Being and the importance of propitiation to Him one lives their life in such a way that every action they perform is a yagna or worship and offering to the Supreme Lord Krishna. All past accumulated reactions resulting from previous actions which bind one so terribly to the material existence are completely evaporated without any residue. The spiritual intelligence of performing all actions in the perspective of the atma or soul rather than from the perspective of being immersed within the sense gardens of material nature has explained. The next verse reveals the even higher perspective of comprehending that spirit behind all activities and their factors of performance is the Supreme Spirit the Supreme Lord.

Kumara Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Kesava Kasmiri's Commentary

It is being stated by Lord Krishna why a yogi or one whose individual consciousness is in communion with the ultimate consciousness is not bound by actions although engaged in actions. Because such a one is free of passion and likes and dislikes. Devoid of attachment to the rewards of actions due to one's mind being firmly fixed in the bliss of the atma or soul and who performs all actions completely according to the Vedic injunctions as a yagna or an offering of worship for the propitiation to the Supreme Lord. This is why such a person is never bound. When such a one is not interested in achieving merit or distinction how can they ever get demerits by being tempted to perform any prohibited act. Although the doer is known to hold equal shares of merit or demerit with the one who caused, the inspirer and the on who proposed in positive or negative results. Such a yogi is never implicated because others perform actions solely for desires of rewards while the yogi does not.

Thus ends commentaries of chapter 4, verse 23 of the Srimad Bhagavad-Gita.

Verse 23

Copyright © Bhagavad-Gita Trust 1998-2015