Chapter 4Approaching the Ultimate TruthVerse 35


Sanskrit Vocal





Commentaries of the Four Authorized Vaisnava Sampradayas

as confirmed in the Garga Samhita Canto 10, Chapter 61, Verses 23, 24, 25, 26
Rudra Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Sridhara Swami's Commentary

Lord Krishna now reveals the results of spiritual knowledge that came by inquiring from a self-realised being and that is one will never again be deluded by the illusionary energy thinking that friends and relatives can actually cease to exist. By this spiritual knowledge one will realise the eternal atma or soul within the etheric heart and will see that this eternal soul is within all beings and is the same as one's own soul and then one will perceive themselves as part of the Supreme Being and perceiving further will see that the Supreme Being in all its wonderous glory and majesty is identical with Lord Krishna.

Brahma Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Madhvacarya's Commentary

By such spiritual knowledge one will realise their atma or soul and seeing the atma within all beings pervading all creation one will perceive that they are all equal as part of the Supreme Being and that the Supreme Being is identical with Lord Krishna.

Now begins the summation.

The word atmani refers to Lord Krishna's special attribute as paramatma or the super soul within all living beings by which one realises the oneness of all beings in creation.

Sri Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Ramanuja's Commentary

By learning this spiritual knowledge one will never be deluded again by maya or illusion which causes one to have the misconception that the atma or soul is the physical body and the notion of the ego consciousness of I- ness and my-ness that is produced thereby. Not by illusion but by the realisation of one's atma within and the consciousness that all beings in variegated forms all over creation possess this self same soul equally once they are divested from their individual designations and all souls are of a purly spiritual nature once they are disassociated from matter and all are a part of the Supreme Being which is identical to Lord Krishna. The nature of the atma is the essence and is equally the same in all beings as well as being equal with the nature of the Supreme Being. Thus when disassociated from matter one atma is non-different from another and possesses the attributes of the Supreme.

Kumara Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Kesava Kasmiri's Commentary

Now regarding the situation on the battlefield, Lord Krishna is clarifying to Arjuna that by this knowledge he will no longer be deluded by the illusion of relatives, friends and preceptors dying and the infatuation of thinking that if they did he would not even want to continue living; because with spiritual knowledge he will realise his atma or soul and will see the soul in all beings is identical with his soul and he will percieve that all souls are the actual body of the Supreme Being and that all these individual souls are pervaded by the Supreme Being and they are never independent from the Supreme Being in the state of bondage or the state of liberation and then it will be perceived that the Supreme Being is identical with Lord Krishna. The difference in various beings is only in their outer physical form which is the product of primordial matter but the atma or soul is purely spiritual and eternal and of the nature of spiritual realisation, not subject to any modification and thus equally situated and established in all beings who were naturally created from material nature. The atma is not a different or separate entity from the Supreme Being.

Thus ends commentaries of chapter 4, verse 35 of the Srimad Bhagavad-Gita.

Verse 35

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